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Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Utils::cutText() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/laltrapa/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 200

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::createThumbnail() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/laltrapa/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 263

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::checkSpecialImages() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/laltrapa/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 127

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::translateName() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/laltrapa/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 127

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::getRealPath() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/laltrapa/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 32

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::checkCache() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/laltrapa/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 206

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::translateName() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/laltrapa/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 207

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::getRealPath() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/laltrapa/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 32

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::translateName() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/laltrapa/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 265

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::getRealPath() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/laltrapa/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 32

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Utils::cutText() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/laltrapa/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 218

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Utils::cutText() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/laltrapa/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 200

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::createThumbnail() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/laltrapa/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 263

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::checkSpecialImages() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/laltrapa/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 127

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::translateName() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/laltrapa/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 127

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::getRealPath() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/laltrapa/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 32

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::checkCache() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/laltrapa/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 206

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::translateName() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/laltrapa/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 207

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::getRealPath() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/laltrapa/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 32

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::translateName() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/laltrapa/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 265

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::getRealPath() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/laltrapa/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 32

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Utils::cutText() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/laltrapa/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 218

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Utils::cutText() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/laltrapa/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 200

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::createThumbnail() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/laltrapa/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 263

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::checkSpecialImages() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/laltrapa/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 127

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::translateName() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/laltrapa/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 127

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::getRealPath() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/laltrapa/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 32

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::checkCache() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/laltrapa/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 206

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::translateName() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/laltrapa/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 207

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::getRealPath() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/laltrapa/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 32

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::translateName() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/laltrapa/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 265

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::getRealPath() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/laltrapa/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 32

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Utils::cutText() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/laltrapa/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 218

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Utils::cutText() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/laltrapa/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 200

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::createThumbnail() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/laltrapa/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 263

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::checkSpecialImages() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/laltrapa/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 127

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::translateName() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/laltrapa/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 127

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::getRealPath() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/laltrapa/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 32

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::checkCache() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/laltrapa/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 206

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::translateName() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/laltrapa/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 207

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::getRealPath() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/laltrapa/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 32

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::translateName() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/laltrapa/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 265

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::getRealPath() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/laltrapa/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 32

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Utils::cutText() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/laltrapa/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 218

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Utils::cutText() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/laltrapa/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 200

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::createThumbnail() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/laltrapa/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 263

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::checkSpecialImages() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/laltrapa/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 127

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::translateName() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/laltrapa/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 127

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::getRealPath() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/laltrapa/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 32

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::checkCache() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/laltrapa/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 206

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::translateName() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/laltrapa/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 207

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::getRealPath() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/laltrapa/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 32

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::translateName() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/laltrapa/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 265

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::getRealPath() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/laltrapa/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 32

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Utils::cutText() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/laltrapa/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 218

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Utils::cutText() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/laltrapa/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 200

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::createThumbnail() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/laltrapa/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 263

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::checkSpecialImages() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/laltrapa/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 127

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::translateName() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/laltrapa/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 127

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::getRealPath() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/laltrapa/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 32

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::checkCache() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/laltrapa/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 206

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::translateName() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/laltrapa/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 207

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::getRealPath() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/laltrapa/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 32

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::translateName() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/laltrapa/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 265

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::getRealPath() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/laltrapa/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 32

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Utils::cutText() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/laltrapa/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 218

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Utils::cutText() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/laltrapa/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 200

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::createThumbnail() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/laltrapa/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 263

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::checkSpecialImages() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/laltrapa/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 127

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::translateName() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/laltrapa/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 127

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::getRealPath() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/laltrapa/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 32

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::checkCache() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/laltrapa/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 206

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::translateName() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/laltrapa/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 207

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::getRealPath() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/laltrapa/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 32

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::translateName() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/laltrapa/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 265

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::getRealPath() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/laltrapa/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 32

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Utils::cutText() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/laltrapa/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 218

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Utils::cutText() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/laltrapa/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 200

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::createThumbnail() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/laltrapa/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 263

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::checkSpecialImages() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/laltrapa/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 127

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::translateName() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/laltrapa/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 127

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::getRealPath() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/laltrapa/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 32

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::checkCache() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/laltrapa/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 206

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::translateName() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/laltrapa/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 207

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::getRealPath() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/laltrapa/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 32

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::translateName() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/laltrapa/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 265

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::getRealPath() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/laltrapa/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 32

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Utils::cutText() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/laltrapa/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 218

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Utils::cutText() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/laltrapa/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 200

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::createThumbnail() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/laltrapa/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 263

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::checkSpecialImages() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/laltrapa/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 127

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::translateName() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/laltrapa/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 127

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::getRealPath() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/laltrapa/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 32

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::checkCache() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/laltrapa/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 206

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::translateName() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/laltrapa/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 207

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::getRealPath() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/laltrapa/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 32

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::translateName() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/laltrapa/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 265

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::getRealPath() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/laltrapa/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 32

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Utils::cutText() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/laltrapa/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 218

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Utils::cutText() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/laltrapa/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 200

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::createThumbnail() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/laltrapa/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 263

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::checkSpecialImages() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/laltrapa/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 127

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::translateName() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/laltrapa/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 127

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::getRealPath() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/laltrapa/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 32

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::checkCache() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/laltrapa/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 206

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::translateName() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/laltrapa/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 207

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::getRealPath() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/laltrapa/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 32

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::translateName() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/laltrapa/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 265

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::getRealPath() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/laltrapa/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 32

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Utils::cutText() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/laltrapa/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 218
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5+2+1 = formula vincente

5+2+1 = formula vincente

Nei Paesi industrializzati del mondo è in corso una vera e propria emergenza: gli individui in sovrappeso sono sempre di più


Malattia del benessere

Vista la stretta correlazione esistente tra lo stato di nutrizione e lo stato di salute, questa condizione incide in maniera significativa sulla spesa sanitaria. L’obesità è una malattia del benessere e può essere definita come una situazione patologica caratterizzata da un eccessivo accumulo di tessuto adiposo. In Italia si stima che il 33% della popolazione adulta sia in sovrappeso ed il 7% sia obesa. Ma qual’è la causa di tanto male?

Sicuramente due fattori concorrono a determinare l’aumento di peso nella popolazione: una marcata meccanizzazione con un numero sempre maggiore di lavori sedentari e le modificazioni dietetiche della società industrializzata che hanno determinato un aumento dell’introduzione calorica globale con una maggiore assunzione di lipidi e zuccheri semplici a scapito di carboidrati complessi e fibre. Studi epidemiologici dimostrano come l’obesità giovanile sia un fattore che predispone, in modo considerevole, all’obesità dell’adulto.

Per questa ragione dobbiamo aiutare i giovani e renderli consapevoli dell’enorme importanza, in particolare in questa fase della loro crescita, del loro stile di vita sia attraverso l’educazione alimentare che attraverso la promozione dell’attività fisica giornaliera.

Regola aritmetica

Così gli americani hanno messo in campo una regola, estremamente semplice, e incisiva: il “5 + 2 + 1”. Decodifichiamo questo messaggio: 5 sono le porzioni di frutta e verdura da consumare giornalmente; 2 è il numero massimo delle ore da dedicare ad attività sedentarie non scolastiche; 1 è il numero minimo di ore da dedicare allo svolgimento di attività fisiche con intensità da moderata ma vigorosa.

Studi recenti dimostrano come la popolazione, e in particolare gli adolescenti, tendano a mangiare poca frutta e verdura. I dati ISTAT relativi alla popolazione italiana indicano che in media l’apporto di frutta e verdura equivale al 50% di quello raccomandato. Considerando l’importanza notevole che questi alimenti offrono nella prevenzione di patologie come quelle tumorali, il suggerimento delle 5 porzioni tra frutta e verdura da consumarsi nell’arco della giornata è più che giustificato. Immaginiamo, ora, una bilancia: su un piatto poniamo il cibo e quindi la nostra entrata calorica e sull’altro poniamo la nostra spesa energetica. Se i piatti della bilancia sono in equilibrio le entrate e le uscite energetiche coincidono e siamo in una condizione di bilancio energetico. L’obesità è il risultato di un bilancio energetico positivo (le entrate sono maggiori delle uscite) che si prolunga nel tempo.

Più attività fisica

Gli americani ci ricordano con il “2+1” di promuovere, quanto più possibile, l’attività fisica, quale prevenzione alla condizione di soprappeso. Come facciamo a sapere se il nostro peso è nella norma o se, viceversa, dobbiamo preoccuparci e correre ai ripari?

Possiamo riferirci, in prima analisi, all’indice di massa corporea (IMC) o body mass index (BMI) che si ottiene dividendo il proprio peso per la propria altezza elevata al quadrato. Così, ad esempio, un individuo che pesa 53 Kg ed è alto 1,64 m avrà un indice di massa corporea pari a 19.7 Kg/m2: sarà perciò un individuo normopeso (vedere box a fine articolo).

Tre gradi di obesità

Sono stati identificati 3 gradi di obesità. Mentre il grado 1 comporta solo rischi moderati, il grado 3 spesso si accompagna a ipertensione arteriosa, cardiopatia coronarica, diabete, disturbi gastrointestinali, calcolosi epatica. L’obesità, nelle donne, si associa ad un aumento di rischio di tumori della colecisti, della mammella e dell’utero e negli uomini, ad un aumento di rischio del cancro della prostata e del rene.

Nell’uomo il tessuto adiposo si localizza prevalentemente nella parte superiore del corpo (capo, guance, mento, collo, spalle) e nella metà superiore del tronco e dell’addome, dando origine all’obesità cosiddetta androide. La quota di grasso depositata a livello addominale rappresenta un fattore di rischio maggiore rispetto a quella depositata in altre sedi.

Nella donna il tessuto adiposo si trova in prevalenza nella metà inferiore del corpo (anche, natiche, cosce, addome sotto-ombelicale), dando origine all’obesità cosiddetta ginoide.

Perché un individuo è grasso?

La maggioranza delle obesità è determinata da molteplici fattori: genetici, nutrizionali, ambientali ecc... Questo tipo di obesità si definisce essenziale poiché non ha una sola causa identificabile.

L’obesità può insorgere in diversi periodi del ciclo vitale dell’individuo e possiamo perciò distinguere un’obesità giovanile da un obesità dell’età matura. L’obesità giovanile consiste nell’aumentato numero di adipociti e viene detta obesità iperplastica o ipercellulare. La causa è in genere una ipernutrizione nei primi anni di vita. È un’obesità difficile da correggere con interventi dietetici. L’obesità dell’adulto è in genere di tipo ipertrofico, ossia dovuta ad una aumento del volume dei singoli adipociti. Questa obesità è più semplice da correggere. Alla base dell’obesità c’è uno squilibrio tra le entrate e le uscite di energia e perciò le indicazioni dietetiche tendono a ridurre l’entrata calorica ed ad aumentare la spesa energetica.

Meno 1 kg la settimana

In un adulto un programma dimagrante accettabile dovrebbe produrre una perdita di peso non superiore ad 1 Kg alla settimana. Molte delle diete dimagranti in voga oggi sono basate su una riduzione dell’apporto calorico giornaliero con la conseguenza perdita rapida di peso corporeo. In realtà solo una parte (circa il 40%) del peso perso corrisponde ad una perdita di massa grassa, mentre la perdita rimanente riguarda il tessuto muscolare. Inoltre, l’organismo risponde alla riduzione dell’apporto calorico con un parallelo abbassamento del metabolismo basale.

Questo fenomeno di adattamento del metabolismo basale è determinato dal fatto che, a fronte di una riduzione dell’apporto calorico, l’organismo risponde con una reazione di allarme: pensa di trovarsi in una condizione di “carestia” e perciò inizia a risparmiare energia. Il corpo, in breve, si abitua alla riduzione calorica, per cui la perdita di peso si riduce e infine si arresta.

Effetto yo-yo

Quando i programmi sono basati esclusivamente sulla restrizione calorica spesso si assiste al cosiddetto effetto yo-yo: dopo il calo di peso si ritorna rapidamente al peso iniziale. In campo nutrizionale stanno emergendo approcci completamente differenti nella cura del soprappeso: da una parte le conoscenze acquisite e dall’altra la possibilità di utilizzare misure dirette, con strumenti idonei, sul paziente, permettono di cambiare radicalmente l’approccio al problema. Attraverso un approccio nutrizionale personalizzato, con l’ausilio delle strumentazioni disponibili, è possibile ottenere ottimi risultati, in termini di perdita di massa grassa (ma non di massa muscolare) senza in alcun modo “patire la fame”. I risultati che si ottengono utilizzando questo nuovi approcci sono estremamente confortanti e hanno il grosso vantaggio lievitare l’effetto yo-yo.

Normopeso, sovrappeso e sottopeso: a quale gruppo appartieni?

Per calcolare il proprio indice di massa corporea e verificare a quale gruppo si appartiene basta seguire la seguente formula e poi verificare nella tabella il risultato.

IMC = peso (Kg) / altezza al quadrato (m2)

Si parla di sovrappeso con un IMC superiore a 25 Kg/m2, mentre si è obesi con IMC superiore a 30 Kg/m2.

Valori soglia di IMC e delle corrispondenti condizioni di peso (uomini e donne sopra i 18 anni)

IMC Condizioni di peso
Sotto 16 Sottopeso grave
16,00 - 16,99 Sottopeso moderato
17,00 - 18,49 Sottopeso lieve
18,50 - 24,99 Normopeso
25,00 - 29,99 Sovrappeso o pre-obesità
30,00 - 34,99 Obesità lieve o di 1° classe
35,00 - 39,99 Obesità moderata o di 2° classe
40 e oltre Obesità grave o di 3° classe
Ultima modifica ilMercoledì, 20 Agosto 2014 15:51

Ultimi articoli di Prof.ssa Rossi Paola

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